What is water?

Water (chemical formula: H2O) is an inorganic substance formed with two elements: hydrogen and oxygen. It is a colorless and odorless liquid under ambient temperature and pressure. Water is the most abundant molecule on earth surface and is the most important resource and component for all lives including human.

Water has significant impact on life evolution. In nature, pure water is rare as it is usually presented as the solutions of acids, bases or salts, and these are collectively termed as “water.” Pure water can be obtained through distillation but it is relatively pure and is impossible to be free from impurities.

Water Hardness?

Soft water means the hardness degree of water is lower than 8.The hardness extent is depended on how much calcium carbonate and magnesium carbonate is contented in water. Usually expressed as “Milligrams of calcium carbonate/ Litter” or “ppm”. it is less composition of soluble calcium and magnesium compounds in soft water. In natural water, rain and snow meltwater are classified as soft water; spring, river and creek are classified as hard water. some groundwater is soft water belongs to hard water; distilled water is artificially processed soft water.

Soft water can make more foam from soap, unlike hard water, soap molecules do not easily discard sodium ions and link with calcium and magnesium ions in soft water; therefore, we can acheve clean effect with less soap. Moreover, Shower with soft water is not only making hair more soft and easy finishing but also making people more comfortable; besides, black tea is more suitable brewing by soft water. Hard water is rich in mineral, especially high concentrations of magnesium and calcium. it is harmless for human body, but cause issue in Industrial applications.

Generally, we will avoid any precipitation produced scale and causing malfunction. Therefore, engineer will supervise the status of water hardness degree. In daily life, soap and toothpaste will not formed in hard water.

What is actually in Tap Water?

Tap water refers to water plant obtain water source from lakes, rivers, wells or reservoirs and other water sources of fresh water; finally distribute to user through distribution water pipe by pump after coagulation,sedimentation, filtration, disinfection and other water purification processes. Some countries and regions stipulate that tap water must meet the national drinking water health standards and can be directly drink, or or must go through boiling before drink. Tap water which using chlorine to disinfect may conduct potential safety issue. In the process of chlorine disinfection, hypochlorite and humic acid reaction will usually produce such as trichloromethane, bromine dichloromethane, dibromochloromethane methane and other trihalomethanes, moreover, trichloromethane is the major one that has long been proven to be carcinogenic.

Other ancillary products are carbon tetrachloride it is also recognized as toxic substances. In use phase, doctor suggested that unless using activated carbon remove chlorine before heating water, otherwise range hood must be turned on after heating; furthermore, pay attention to ventilation and shorten the time when bathing would reduce the risk of suffering from cancer.

What is Filter?

The development of chlorine application can be retrospective from world war one, it is a toxic and powerful oxidizing gas, use in chemical warfare gas. with the end of the war, scientists reduce the toxicity of chlorine and use it to tap water system as a bacteriostatic agent. Some advanced countries do not apply chlorine because chlorine residual has been classified as one of the causes of many cancers; however, most developing countries still use it as standard bacteriostatic agent.

General swimming pool using chlorine solution as a bacteriostatic agent, but many countries have strict legislation to swimming pool of residual chlorine, due to prolonged swimming in the indoor swimming pool exposed with residual chlorine in the air may cause cancer, if coupled with the sun’s ultraviolet radiation faster to accelerate oxidation progrss.

When chlorine is dissolved into water, it will have strong oxidizing ability and it is commonly known as bleach. Chlorine solution is a cheap and effective fungicide in professional concentration, it can be stored longer than other oxidants; consequently, it is relatively easy to obtain. In European Union, chlorine is still in the discharge of water due to the use of chlorine disinfection, the destruction of the environment is very serious. In addition, most of EU countries prohibit the use of chlorine disinfection in food processing industry due to chlorine solution residue issue on the food and work station surface.

What is RO Water?

RO(Reverse osmosis), is a water purify technology. the principle of RO is to use infiltration of water: Place water (low solution) and salt water (high solution) in a tub and separate by semi-permeable membrane which is only allow water pass through. It can be seen where water flows from lower osmotic pressure (low solution) to higher osmotic pressure (high solution); however, if apply force in the high solution solution, you can see the water from the higher osmotic pressure to lower osmotic pressure.

Reverse osmosis is the reverse of “positive penetration”, which is usually consump more energy than the infiltration of the natural process. As the name implies, Reverse osmosis membrane technology is the use of infiltration method to extract pure water from ocean. Reverse osmosis reduces the total dissolved solids (TDS) of the treated water, which is characteristic that other water treatment does not have. Reverse osmosis water is the most purest water besides distilled water in water treatment technology.

There is no any minerals or metals but only water molecular, therefore, the conductivety is poor. in addition, to produce RO water will consume a lot of water, so the cost is high. Originally, RO is developed to satisfy industrial pure water requirement( such as pharmaceutical).

Bacteria might quickly grow if there is an open outlet of RO due to there is almost no any content of minerals and metals, of course, also no chlorine and other antimicrobial substances, this will cause biofilm issue in water tube, therefore, water tube need to clean and disinfection periodically by chemicals or ozone etc.. in order to ensure the water is safe for application, household RO system will be confronted bacteria issue if there is no any disinfection schedule.

What is functional water?

Functional water is originated in Asia, it is made by filter which contented energy stones or metal materials, those materials can make microscale resonance; it is also called small molecule water. Functional/small molecule water has been forbidden by many countries governments due to lack of scientific evidences and over-advertising about benefit of human body.

What is Chlorine?

The development of chlorine application can be retrospective from world war one, it is a toxic and powerful oxidizing gas, use in chemical warfare gas. with the end of the war, scientists reduce the toxicity of chlorine and use it to tap water system as a bacteriostatic agent.

Some advanced countries do not apply chlorine because chlorine residual has been classified as one of the causes of many cancers; however, most developing countries still use it as standard bacteriostatic agent. General swimming pool using chlorine solution as a bacteriostatic agent, but many countries have strict legislation to swimming pool of residual chlorine, due to prolonged swimming in the indoor swimming pool exposed with residual chlorine in the air may cause cancer, if coupled with the sun’s ultraviolet radiation faster to accelerate oxidation progrss.

When chlorine is dissolved into water, it will have strong oxidizing ability and it is commonly known as bleach. Chlorine solution is a cheap and effective fungicide in professional concentration, it can be stored longer than other oxidants; consequently, it is relatively easy to obtain.

In European Union, chlorine is still in the discharge of water due to the use of chlorine disinfection, the destruction of the environment is very serious.

In addition, most of EU countries prohibit the use of chlorine disinfection in food processing industry due to chlorine solution residue issue on the food and work station surface.

What is an alkaline ionizer?

The general drinking water pH is in the middle of 6.0-8.5 pH. Alkaline water is a acid-base imbalance water, because electrolysis technology dissociates hydrogen molecules in water. In 60s Japan, many people have osteoporosis issue, alkaline water contains more calcium and amgnesium ions after dissolution. Therefore, people with osteoporosis issue can add more calcium and magnesium ions through drinking alkaline water.

In 80-90s, alkaline water had began to spread to other parts of Asia, but some over-publicities was blocked by some governments. such as ” cancer is caused by acid body, drinkinf alkaline water can neutralize the human body acid”.

However, alkaline water will be neutralized before absorbed by human body, because stomach acid is a strong acid. The alkaline electrolytic cell is the comparison point of the general manufacturers.

For instance, cheaper electrolytic cell may face to short life-circle and safety issue due to applying cheaper metal. If use multiple electrode plate to enhance the performance, water will be strong alkaline (> pH 8.5) and it is not suitable for human consumption.

Hypochlorous acid, sodium hypochlorite and other chemical fungicides will be produced in the sme time when alkaline water machine is producing alkaline water, that is not able to drink nor ecofriendly.

What is Ozone? What is Ozonated Water?

Human Being can survive on earth safety due to the protection of ozone layer. Ozone is a gas which has powerful oxidation capability.

It cannot be stored due to unstable and high activity molecular character.There is no any ozone residual after oxidize other organic material; consiqently, it is eco-friendly. Natural ozone is generated by Ultra violet(UV) from sun or thunder process.The artificial ozone is generated by imitation of natural environment, major methods are applied UV light to imitate sun; Corona discharge, thunder process. Ozone has been applied for over 100 years, there is no any case that death cause because of ozone.

Ozone provide great benefits in tap water treatment in advanced countries, because applying ozone disinfection in tap water can reduce chlorine usage. The resource of ozone generated by UV light or Corona charge is air.

However, the process will also generate Nitrogen oxides(Nox), because Nitrogen will be interactivitied with Corona during the process. However, the process will also generate Nitrogen oxides(Nox), because Nitrogen will be interactivitied with Corona during the process. Nox is harmful for human.

Ozone, which is generated by pure oxygen, is pure, there is no any Nox will be generated during the process. Proton Exchange Membrane(PEM) is the latest ozone generation technology, PEM will dissociate Hydrogen and Oxygen directly from water and generate high purity ozone for pure oxygen. The purity ratio of ozone which generated by PEM technology is over than UV light about 700%, Corona discharge, more than 400% , high purty nad lower power consumption.

Ozonated water is dissolvied ozone gas into water; if ozone gas is high purity originally, ozonated water will not content any harmful materials; otherwise, other gas will be dissolved into water in the mean time.

What is Hydrogne? What is Hydrogen Water?

Hydrogen gas(H2) is a stable gas. It has been applied in diving equipment for diver using over 50 years. Hydrogen gas is proove that no side-effect to human body; moreover, Hydrogen gas is benefit to human is pointed out by the research of Nippon Medical School’s Professor Shigeo Ohta in 2007.

Suisosui (hydrogen-rich water) means high concentration hydrogen water, according to Japan Hydrogen water promotion association(J.H.P.A)’s definition, the concentration of dissolved hydrogen in water must over 0.3ppm(300ppb) and pH should be 6.8-8.5 can be called hydrogen-rich water. water which is too acid or alkali is not suitable for drinking.